söndag 7 oktober 2012


Since the protests in Syria began in the spring of 2011, violence has intensified and oppression become increasingly sharp. The Syrian army and security services have surrounded cities around the country, blocked deliveries of food, water and medicines, and prevented aid agencies from gaining access. Many Syrians have been killed, tortured or imprisoned. The Monastic Alawi regime is literally fighting for its survival. The demand that President Bashar al-Asssad must resign will be repeated until the resignation is a fact.

In the beginning, it was a case of civil uprisings, but today the uprisings have become militarised and there is talk of a civil war. This spiral of violence in the country must be stopped. The Syrian regime must immediately stop all repressive activities.

In my opinion, Russia and China have made political mistakes in the UN Security Council regarding the issue of Syria. But there are several countries involved in the conflict. Prince Salman, who has been appointed Crown Prince in the Sunni-dominated Saudi Arabia, is not likely to change the Saudi line in relation to Syria. Saudi Arabia is a major voice in the Arab League and has good relations, not least with the United States. The Shiite-dominated neighbouring Iran has its agenda, and we can also note the influx from Iraq and across the Turkish border, probably by both arms and individuals. I support Annan's six-point peace plan and Lakhdar Brahimi, the Syria issue should be handled in the UN Security Council. Europe has to prepare for a situation of mass exodus in order to ensure timely support to those who are forced to flee from oppression and war in Syria. We can strengthen our shared responsibility for temporary protection.

Despite difficult conditions, the Syrian opposition has responsibility for formulating a democratic platform with guarantees for minorities and women. One dimension of this conflict is that cracks in the opposition are growing, with some wanting to continue the armed struggle, while others advocate a non-violent struggle. Women, in particular, belong to this latter group. Women and children have an especially vulnerable situation in that they are often subjected to violence, sexual abuse or degrading treatment.

According to Humans Rights Watch (HRW), sexual abuse cases against women have been committed by security forces and members of the regime-faithful Shabiha militia. They are reported to have taken place in jails and prisons in the regions of Damascus, Latakia, Aleppo and Homs, but also during raids. Sexual violence can include rape, penetration with objects, forced prolonged nudity, electric shocks and blows to the genitals. Data I assume that the International Criminal Court, ICC Review...

Still, I must ask what is being done today for women and girls? In the EU, the UN and other forums, Sweden must take an active role and have a voice for women in Syria, Margot Wallström conclusions - from the office of the UN Secretary General's Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict?